Works fine on Windows 10 here. GOG version with the processor patch and Large Adress Aware.
If you've seen a video of the game DX10 on Windows 10, why the misleading topic title? You know it isn't broken in Windows 10, you know there's something else wrong with your setup.
I wouldn't go jumping to other conclusions either ("well it probably doesn't work in the latest version of Windows 10"). Not that it isn't worth checking, but there's a pretty big chance it's something else. I'm on 21H2 if you want a major version that's guaranteed to work. That said if you do install 21H2 and it works, it still doesn't mean that the Windows version was the issue, you would need to reinstall 22H2 on another computer to eliminate a ton of other variables.
Obvious questions: Does FaultRep.dll exist? Does SFC say it's OK?